On this page:
- List of historical facts
- The educational period of Hazrat Inayat Khan in India (1882 – 1910)
- Residences of Hazrat Inayat Khan in the West
- The travels / journeys of Hazrat Inayat Khan in East and West
- Commemorative Days within the Sufi Hazrati Organisations
- Meetings of Hazrat Inayat Khan with Western historical figures
- Family trees
List of Historical facts
(For a detailed survey of the period 1882 – 1927, see A Pearl in Wine, p.81 onwards)
- Birth of Shole Khan Maula Bakhsh. Maternal grandfather of Hazrat Inayat Khan
- Birth of Mashaik Rahmat (Ullah) Khan, son of Mashaik Bahadur Khan, father of Hazrat Inayat Khan
- Birth of Khatija Biy Maula Bakhsh, mother of Hazrat Inayat Khan
- Birth of Allauddin Khan (Dr. A.M. Pathan) Maulabakhsh’ younger son, Inayat Khan’s Uncle.
- Marriage of Rahmat Khan and Khatija Biy
- July 7, birthday Jagirdar Mohammed Ali Khan Thopezay, cousin-brother of Hazrat Inayat Khan
- July 5, birthday of Hazrat Inayat Khan, later celebrated as Viladat-day
- June 6, birthday Shaikh-ul-Mashaik Mir Pyarumiyan (Pyaromir) Maheboob Khan
- September 7, birthday Pir-o-Murshid Musharaff Moulamia Khan the youngest brother of Hazrat Inayat Khan
- July 10, death of Shole Khan Maulabakhsh Ghise Khan, maternal grandfather of Hazrat Inayat Khan.
- Inayat Khan travels in Nepal with his father for a year
- Hazrat Inayat Khan becomes teacher and later professor at the Gayanshala (musical school) of Baroda
- Death of Inayat’s brother Karamat, his mother Khadija Bi and his first wife
- Inayat Khan remarries, but his wife (Amiran Biy from Jaipur) dies the same year. Later in the same year he travels to Madras
- Inayat Khan moves to Secundarabad (near Hyderabad) till 1907. Here he writes Minqar-i-Musiqar, and develops a friendship with the ruling Nizam (emperor). Here he also finds his Murshid Abu Hashim Madani and his academic teacher Professor Hashami.
- Murshid Abu Hashim Madani dies
- Inayat Khan travels to several parts of India and gives many concerts and lectures on music (see below for a full list of the travels of Hazrat Inayat Khan)
- Rahmat Khan, Inayat’s father dies in the spring of this year
- Hejirat day 13 September. Hazrat Inayat, Maheboob and Muhammed Ali Khan depart from Baroda by train and travel by boat to America from Bombay via Napels.
- 16 April. Ada Martin visits a lecture of Hazrat Inayat Khan in the Hindu temple in San Francisco and later on becomes his first mureed.
- February: Musharaff Moulamia Khan journeys to America and joins his brothers.
- Ora Ray Baker journeys from America to London to marry Hazrat Inayat Khan on the 20th of March of that year
- 1st of January, birth of the first daughter of Hazrat Inayat Khan: Pirzadi Noor- un-nisa, during a stay in Moscow.
- Through the efforts of Murshida Rabia Ada Martin a Sufi Temple has been opened in San Francisco by the American branch of the Order, the inauguration being celebrated in London on Friday, November 1st, 1914. (source: Sufi, first issue 1915)
- February, by now in London: first edition of the magazine The Sufi, A Quarterly Magazine
- Foundation of the Sufi Publishing Society
- Foundation of the Khankah, the official headquarters of the Sufi Order in the house at 86 Ladbroke Road, London. Inauguration on 15 October.
- June 19, birth of Pirzade Vilayat Khan, son of Hazrat Inayat Khan
- August 6, birth of Murshidzade Hidayat Khan, son of Hazrat Inayat Khan
- Establishment of Hejirat day as an official Sufi celebration
- Foundation of the Sufi Order in London
- June 3, birth Khairunnisa Inayat Khan (Claire Harper), youngest daughter of Hazrat Inayat Khan
- Hazrat Inayat Khan moves with his family from London to France (Tremblaye)
- Hazrat Inayat Khan visits The Netherlands for the first time. He visits the city of Arnhem, where he is welcomed by Baron Van Tuyll van Serooskerken and Yousouf van Ingen.
- May 7, introduction of Universal Worship within the Sufi Movement, at 35 Tregunter Road, London, the house of Kefayat Lloyd.
- Hazrat Inayat Khan visits The Netherlands for the second time. After an initial uncertainty about the precise time and place of arrival, he eventually ends up at the family Van Goens van Beyma in The Hague. This is the start of a long and close relationship between both families.
- November 18. The other brothers visit the family Van Goens van Beyma. The contact results in the marriage in 1924 of Shaikh Khalif Maheboob Khan and Shadbiy van Goens van Beyma. This day is still annually celebrated within the family circle.
- Hazrat Inayat Khan both received a blessing and blessed a place in the dunes near ‘Katwijk aan Zee’ (by the sea) and names the place: ‘Murad Hassil” (wish fulfilled)
- September 3, first Universal Worship in The Netherlands.
- Hazrat Inayat Khan relocates the Headquarters office (IHQ) of the Sufi Movement to Geneva.
- August 9: Sharifa Goodenough and Sophia Saintsbury Green are appointed Murshida
- October 11. Founding of the official Sufi Movement. The International Headquarters (IHQ) is located in Geneva, statutes of the movement are formulated, on the instructions of Hazrat Inayat Khan, by Mr. Birbal de Cruzat Zanetti.
- June 10, marriage Shaikh Khalif Maheboob Khan with Shadbiy van Goens van Beyma
- August: founding of the Institut Universel Soufi. Aim: annual organization of the Summer School in Suresnes
- 3 October: Hazrat Inayat Khan signs a contract with IHQ in which he gives copyright of all his books and other work to IHQ.
- October: founding Societé Anonyme Soufi. Aim: maintenance of the property in Suresnes, mureeds house and Sufi land.
- April 30, birth of the first child (a daughter) of ShuM Maheboob Khan and Shadbiy van Goens – van Beyma. The daughter was named Raheem-un-nisa by Hazrat Inayat Khan
- In this year in Paris an Andalusian Mosque is commissioned by the Moroccan authorities. Inayat Khan suggests that his mureeds hire the foreign construction workers and craftsmen while they are living in Paris to build a Universel on the Sufi land (opposite Fazal Manzil, Suresnes). The plan eventually fails. Instead of a Universel a simple Lecture Hall is built at the back of the Sufi land.
- September 13, symbolic cornerstone ceremony of the future Universel in Suresnes, captured on film by Jan Wildschut. This was never built, but the cornerstone is now housed in the Universel built in 1990 by Pir Vilayat in the garden of Fazal Manzil. The Sufi Movement had to wait until 1970, when in Katwijk aan Zee, The Netherlands, a first Universel was built.
- Beginning of November; Hazrat Inayat Khan arrives in New Delhi.
- February 5, death/Urs of Hazrat Inayat Khan, annually rememberd as Visalat-day.
- November 10, birth of Mahmood Khan the son of Shaikh-ul-Mashaik Maheboob Khan and Shadbiy van Goens van Beyma.
- Opening of the Church of All by Sirdar Van Tuyll van Serooskerken, Anna Paulownastraat 7, The Hague
- June14 and 15. Important meeting of the Jamiat Am Council where the majority agreed to appoint Maheboob Khan as esoteric leader of the Sufi Movement ie the successor of Hazrat Inayat Khan. Sirdar Van Tuyll, Sarferaz Meyer de Reutercrona, Mumtaz Armstrong, Fröken Kjösterud and Shabaz Best voted against the motion. They all left the Sufi Movement shortly after that (some only temporarily).
- January 7, opening of the Sufi building, Bazarstraat 20, The Hague
- Suresnes Affair 1, investigations into the financial actions of the Societé Anonyme Soufi (S.A.S.) as managing body of the plot of land with the Mureeds house behind Fazal Manzil and the land opposite Fazal Manzil on which the lecture hall was built. The investigations were a result of the conflicts of interest between IHQ in Geneva (under the direction of Dussaq) and the S.A.S (under the direction of Van Stolk). Or as Wazir van Essen put it: Headquarters versus Heartquarters (see Jironet, Sufi Mysticism in the West)
- June 25, Maheboob and Ali Khan are sent to a Dutch Camp at Schoorl in North Holland by the German occupiers. After 10 days on July 5th 1940 they are released because, despite their British passports, they prove to be Indians and thus non-British.
- Birth of Fazal Inayat-Khan on the 20th of June. Son of Hidayat Inayat-Khan and Leny Flentge
- November 5, Musharaff Moulamia Khan arrives with his wife in Bombay
- Death of Savitri van Rossum Duchattel, first wife of Musharaff Moulamia Khan
- From this year the Summer Schools of ISM are no longer held in Suresnes, France, but in The Netherlands, respectively in De Bilt, Hilversum, The Hague and finally in Katwijk aan Zee.
- Start of the Sufi Youth Brotherhood, by Maheboob Khan following a proposal made by Gawery Voûte. Leadership of the SYB was originally in the hands of Elise Schamhart and shortly afterwards Karimbakhsh Witteveen followed by Subhan van Lohuizen. In the sixties Salim Lange became chairman.
- Murshida Rabia Martin dies. Her movement is split: Sufi Islamia Ruhaniat Society (Sam Lewis) and the Sufism Reoriented (Mrs. Ivy Duce by then under the influence of the Indian Guru Meher Baba)
- May 15, marriage of Musharaff Moulamia Khan and Shahzadi de Koningh
- July 3, death of Shaikh-ul-Mashaik Maheboob Khan
- May 1, death of Amina Begum (Ora Ray Baker) wife of Hazrat Inayat Khan, mother of Noor-un-nisa, Vilayat, Hidayat and Khair-un-nisa (Clair)
- June 7, death of Murshid Talewar Dussaq, long term Secretary-General of the IHQ.
- The grounds of Murad Hassil at the dunes near Katwijk aan Zee become the property of the Sufi Movement on a long lease from the Government
- Suresnes Affair 2, conflict around the expropriation procedure of the Sufi land opposite of Fazal Manzil in Suresnes. (see Jironet, Sufi Mysticism in the West). Eventually the Sufi Movement loses the total property as it was compulsorily purchased by the Suresnes Mayor for the benefit of building homes for the people of Paris and Suresnes.
- In Geneva Vilayat Inayat-Khan tries to claim the leadership of the Sufi Movement, eventually without success. (see Jironet, Sufi Mysticism in the West)
- August 28: Death of Pir-o-Murshid Ali Khan
- October 4: funeral of Pir-o-Murshid Ali Khan at the Pulchri building at the Lange Voorhout in The Hague.
- November 22, death of Nurzadi Aysha Khanim (born C.J. Vodegel), first wife of ShuM Mahmood Khan.
- January 6. Opening Sufi Darbar, at Banstraat 24, The Hague, at the same time residence of Murshid Musharaff and Murshida Shazadi. 70 seats. (Darbar is Persian for ‘court’, ‘place of gathering’.)
- November 30: death of Pir-o-Murshid Musharaff Moulamia Khan, Fazal Inayat Khan accepts leadership of the Sufi Movement at the request of the administration (IHQ).
- Foundation of Sufi Order International by Pir Vilayat Inayat-Khan
- March 21 cornerstone ceremony the Universel Murad Hassil in Katwijk aan Zee
- July 4 and 5: Opening Murad Hassil in Katwijk aan Zee (report in Dutch: in SG September 1970)
- Rare footage of Murshid Sam leading collective dancing click here
- Birth of Seraphiel (Zia) Inayat Khan at Novato California, son of Pir Vilayat Inayat-Khan and Taj Inayat. Pir Zia is the current leader of the Inayati Order.
- Founding of Soefi Contact by Gawery Voûte
- Pir Vilayat settels in The Abode of the Message in New Lebanon in the State of New York
- Sufi Shirdil Amin Richard Macko creates his order The Fraternity of Light. He is a pupil of Vilayat Inayat Khan.
- July 4: Fazal Inayat Khan hands over the leadership of the Sufi Movement to a co-operative Leadership Council of ‘Initiatic Lines’, July 5 founding of a wide leadership council including Pir Vilayat and Murshid Fazal in an attempt to join all ‘Hazrati’ Initiatic Lines.
- August 27, death Mashaikha-Begum Shadbiy Maheboob Khan, widow of ShuM Maheboob Khan.
- Death of Fazal Inayat Khan
- Completion of the building of the Wakilhouse (a room for coffee, tea and meals) at the Universel Murad Hassil in Katwijk aan Zee.
- July 5: 25th anniversary of the Universel Murad Hassil
- November 30: death of Murshida Shahzadi Khan – de Koningh, third wife of Pir-o-Murshid Musharaff Moulamia Khan
- September: the Universal Worship gatherings of the two centres in The Hague are combined from this point and held at the 78 Anna Paulownastraat
- Founding of the Federation of the Sufi Message, first affiliated organizations: ISM and Ruhaniat. In later years the Inayyati Order, the Sufi Way, the Fraternity of Light and the Inayati-Maimuni Order will join the Federation as well. See: http://federationsufimessage.org/
- Death of Pir Vilayat Inayat Khan on June 17 in Suresnes. Leader of the Sufi Order International. He is succeeded by his son Pir Zia Inayat Khan.
- April 20.The Pir-o-Murshid title (head of the inner school) is connected to a Council and no longer to one person (till then Murshid Hidayat). The Council consists of the heads of the 5 different activities and the General Secretary of the IHQ.
- September 13: 100th anniversary of Hejirat day
- January 2: Pir Zia changes the name of the Sufi Order International to: The Inayyati Sufi Order
- September 12, Hidayat Inayat-Khan dies in Munich, age 99
The educational period of Hazrat Inayat Khan in India (1882 – 1910)
(Teachers and inspirational figures)
|Name||Period||Nature of the teachings or influence|
|Khatija-Bibi Maulabakhsh (1866 – 1900) Inayat’s mother.||1882 – 1900||In the Indian culture the mother is regarded as the first guru. She provides the first examples and guidelines for the young child. The influence of Inayat’s mother was related to: respect for every fellow human being and all of life’s creation, compassion and a warm heart, self control, commitment and modesty.|
(1833 – 1896)
(maternal grandfather, patriarch of the extended family)
|1882 – 1896||Respect for other cultures, love for the arts (i.e. music), interest in philosophy|
|Mashaikh Rahmat Ullah Khan (father)
(1843 – 1910)
|1882 – 1910||Dhrupad music and character building (discipline, self respect, feeling of honour without pride)|
|Kavi Ratnakar (Hindustan poet)||Poetry|
|Professor Kaushik Ram||1910 – 1911||Sanskrit|
|Dr. A.M. Pathan (maternal uncle)
(1869 – 1949)
|Western music, western culture, secular point of view|
|Murtaza Khan Maulabakhsh (maternal uncle) (1862? – 1924))||Classical Indian music (Dravidian Karnatic style)|
|Different, (Maha)raja´s and Nizams for instance the Gaikwar of Baroda||1896 – 1910||Moghul culture, that is: dignity, respect, tact, chivalry and courtly attitude|
|Several dervish and Madzubs||1903 – 1907||Ascetism, devotion, Allah as love and beloved|
|Abdul Majid and other English influenced Parsis||Anglo Indian cultural elements|
|Murshid Syed Mohammed Abu Hashim Madani||1903 – 1907||The Murshid of Inayat Khan. He tought him mysticism, contemplation and meditation|
|Professor Hashimi||1903 – 1907||Traditional Indian and Arabic-Persian Sufi mysticism and theology.|
|Manek Prabhu||1907||Unity of Vedanta and Tasawwuf|
Residences of Hazrat Inayat Khan in the west
|1910 – 1912||America||Travelling, postal address in New York at their friend’s house from Baroda, Pandya (Or Pandiah)|
|1912 – 1914||England and France||In France: 143 Boulevard St. Michel|
|1914||Russia||Travelling. Address in Moscow: Belle Etage, Maison Abintre à la Petrovka, au Coin de Krapivinsky, Pereoulsk.|
|1914 – 1920||London, England||100d Addison Road from 1914
Holland Park from 1915 and 86 Ladbroke Road from 1916 (Khankah) Same house but different entries.
29 Gordon Square from 1920 (Khankah)
|Winter 1920||Tremblaye, France||Temporary stay organized by Miss Dowland (Khalifa Nargis)|
|1921- 1922||Wissous, France||Here the first modest Summer School was held in the summer of 1921.|
|1922 – 1926||Suresnes, France (Fazal Manzil)||Rue de Tuilerie, Suresnes, France. The house named Fazal Manzil, where the family of Hazrat Inayat Khan resided, was a gift from Murshida Fazal Mai Egeling in 1922. The ground on which this house was built, was originally part of the area of Val d’Or in the municipality of Saint Cloud, but in 1922 it was reclassified to the neighbouring district of Suresnes.|
|1926 – 1927||India, New Delhi, Tilak Lodge||Here Hazrat Inayat Khan died on the 5th of February 1927.|
The travels / journeys of Hazrat Inayat Khan in East and West
Source: Forty years of Sufism, p.32 onwards and ‘The Complete Works’ (11 volumes): the prefaces
|1893||Pattan (north of Baroda)||His elder uncle Murturza Khan was invited by a well known and respected citizen, Bheartiji. His house was a meeting place of saints and mystics.|
|1896||Stay of a year||Nepal||At the invitation of the Maharaja. Accompanied by his father Rahmat Khan. On their way to Kathmandu they passed the places Gwalior (tomb of the famous Indian singer Tansen), Benares (old holy city of the Hindus) and Sigoli. The last part of the journey was travelled by foot through the Himalayas. The journey was experienced by Inayat Khan as a pilgrimage.|
|1899||Idor, in the state of Khatiawarh, west of Baroda||Journey together with father and brother Maheboob|
|1902||Madras and Mysore, south India||This journey Hazrat Inayat Khan made by himself.|
|1903 – 1908||Stay of several years||Secundarabad near Hyderabad (via Bombay)||Here Inayat Khan met his Murshid, Abu Hashim Madani and his teacher of traditional sufi theology Professor Hashimi. He also frequently stayed at the court of the Nizam of Hyderabad.|
|1908||Ajmer||Dargah (tomb) of Khwaja Moinuddin Chisthi, a sufi saint and founder of the Chisthiyya order in India. Here he also met a number of impressive dervishes.|
|1908 – 1910||Journey to the south of India, cradle of the Karnatische music style||Madras Mysore, Bangalore, Kombakolum, Nagapatam,Tanjore, Trichnapoli, Madura, Coimbatore, Malabar, Cochin, Ernakalum.. At Travancore Hazrat Inayat Khan received a golden medal of the Divan, Rajah Gopal Chari.
The journey continued via Ceylon to Rangoon, Burma and subsequently Calcutta in the current state of Bangla Desh. Here he spoke frequently before an intellectual audience.
|1910||Departure on September 13th||America (via Bombay and Naples)||He left accompanied by Ali Khan and Maheboob Khan. (Musharaff followed a year and a half later.) Arrival at New York. Afterward a tour through America: Los Angeles, San Francisco (April 2011: HIK lectured in a Hindu temple and after one of his lectures met his first mureed: Ada ‘Rabia’ Martin), Seattle. Back in New York a meeting with Bjerregaard and the tabla player Ramaswami who would later accompany the brothers as far as Russia on their theatrical tour|
|1912- 1913||England||Marries his wife Ora Ray Baker in London on 20th March 1913|
|1913||France||Meetings with many artists.|
|1914||Russia||Concerts and lectures. Here Inayat’s first work was published in a Russian translation. Attempted to return to India. Because of the turmoil in Turkestan they decided to leave Russia via Petersburg to France. Left France to travel to England because of the outbreak of WWI|
|1914 – -1920||London||Travels were limited to England: Southampton, Leeds (10 June 1919, his biographical lecture given in Leeds was later published as: ‘The Story of my Mystical Life’), Sheffield, Harrogate.|
|1920||Autumn||Departure to France||In the same year a journey to Geneva. In Lausanne the first contact with Mw. Egeling–Grol, later known as Murshida Fazal Mai.|
|1921||1 – 14 February
|The Netherlands||Arnhem. First visit of Hazrat Inayat Khan to the Netherlands. For a detailed report see: Sufism, May 1921, page 2|
|spring||Antwerp and Brussels|
|June, July, August||Suresnes||Summer School in Wissous|
|1 – 16 September||The Netherlands||The Hague (house of the Van Goens in The Hague) and Katwijk aan Zee (summer house of Van Tuyll)|
|1922||1 – 20 January||Woonplace: Wissous||Lectures in Paris|
|20 – 30 January||Belgium|
|8 – 20 March||Switzerland||Lectures in Vevey, Geneva and Tour de Peilz (home of the family Hogendorp)|
|1 – 17 April||The Netherlands|
|26 April – 12 May||England||Lectures in Leeds, London, Brighton and Southampton|
|14 – 24 May||New residence: Suresnes, Fazal Manzil||Lectures in Paris|
|25 – 27 May||Belgium||Brussels|
|June – August||Suresnes||First Summer School in Suresnes|
|1 – 13 September||The Netherlands||Katwijk aan Zee: two week Summer School at the home of Baron van Tuyll|
|5 – 16 October||England||Lectures in London, Brighton and Southampton|
|16 – 25 November||Geneva, Switzerland||Lectures in Basel, Zürich, Lausanne, Montreux, Clarens, Vevey and Morges.|
|1 – 18 December||France||Lectures in Paris|
|1923||Beginning of January||The Netherlands||The Hague, house of Van Tuyll, 78 Anna Paulownastraat. Subsequent visits to Amersfoort, Arnhem, Nijmegen.|
|second half of January||England||Short stay|
|February||Suresnes||Stay with his family to prepare himself for his second journey to America, after an absence of eleven years.|
|March – June||America||Difficult entry to US on his arrival in New York. Travels to Boston, Detroit, Chicago and California. Lectures in San Francisco are preserved under the title: Gitas Dyana. Here Clara Eggink – van Stolk joins the group. Subsequent visits to Santa Barbara and Los Angeles. Round trip to New York via Chicago and Detroit.|
|Summer||Suresnes||Summer School 1923|
|September||Switzerland||Geneva, Morges, Lausanne, Basel, Zürich, Rapperswill|
|1924||3 – 25 January||The Netherlands|
|25 January – 11 February||England|
|1 – 10 April||Switzerland||Geneva, Bern, Lausanne|
|10 – 30 April||Italy||Rome and Florence|
|22 – 26 May||Belgium|
|26 May – 8 June||The Netherlands|
|summer||Suresnes||Summer School 1924|
|Autumn||Germany||Munich and Berlin amongst others|
|Sweden||Meeting with Aartsbisschop Nathan Söderblom|
|Denemark||Copenhagen and Aarhuus|
|December||The Netherlands en Belgium||Brussels and Luik (Liège)|
|1925||March||Germany||Berlin and Munich|
|April||England||Jironet (2009, pag. 22) mentions a stay in England where Inayat Khan falls seriously ill. Possible diabetes or severe fatigue.|
|Summer||Suresnes||Summer School 1925|
|(leaves on 25th November, arrival in New York on 6th December)||America||Leaves from France to New York with the steam ship ‘De Volendam’ accompanied by Kismet Stam. (NB: according to Kismet Stam (Biography p. 526) the boat departs from Cherbourg-Octeville, Normandy, but according to the Complete Works 1926I p. xii the embarkment is Boulogne sur Mer at Calais. These two places are at a 200 km distance from each other)|
|1926||January – May||America||January: New York. From New York to Detroit (February) (meeting with Henry Ford). Subsequent travels to San Francisco, Fairmonts, Oakland, Berkeley, Santa Barbara, Los Angeles, Beverly Hills, La Jolla, San Diego and Pasadena.|
|Summer||Suresnes||Summer School 1926|
|September||India||Embarcation in Venice on September 28th to Karachi, stopover in Eritrea. Hazrat Inayat Khan arrives in Delhi at the beginning of November. Further: Lucknow, Ajmeer and, concluding his travels, (January 1927) Delhi (Tilak Lodge)|
Commemorative Days within the Sufi Hazrati Organisations
|Visalat Day||5 February||On 5 February 1927 Hazrat Inayat Khan died in New Delhi India. From that date on his passing is annually remembered. The pilgrimage on this date to the grave of Hazrat Inayat Khan in New Delhu is called: ‘Urs’, literally meaning: wedding, i.e. wedding to eternity.|
|Viladat Day||5 July||The birthday of Hazrat Inayat Khan.|
|Commemoration Day||A day in July during the Summer School in Katwijk aan Zee.||The annual visit to the graves of the ‘Companions’ or brothers of Hazrat Inayat Khan in the cemetery ‘Oud Eik en Duin’ in The Hague. At the graves incense is burned words and prayers are recited.|
|Hejirat Day||13 September||On the 13th of September 1910 Hazrat Inayat Khan and his brothers left their home in Baroda, India. From 1917 onwards this day is commemorated as Hejirat Day.|
Meetings of Hazrat Inayat Khan with Western historical figures
|Name||Explanation of the person||Date of year of the meeting||Place of meeting||Some details|
|Emma Thursby||1845-1931 at the time the most famous of opera singers, comparable to Maria Callas or Jessye Norman||1910||America||Known as the American Nightingale. She was a soprano sfogato, meaning alto mezzo but she also developed her voice and could reach the higher register. According to the Biography, she was most interested in Inayat Khan’s music.|
|Rabindranath Tagore||9 May1861 – 7 August 1941. Famous Hindu poet, novel and playwright from India.||1912||London||Tagore came to London for an operation and visited Hazrat Inayat Khan in his hotel.|
|Mata Hari||Dancer. 1876 – 1917. Born as Greetje Zelle in Leeuwarden, Friesland, Holland. Mata Hari was her artistic name. Executed 1917 under suspicion of espionage.||1912||Paris||The Royal Musicians of Hindustan accompanied Mata Hari during her performances in Paris on 9th October and 14th December 1912.|
|Isadora Duncan||26 May 1880 – 14 September 1927 American dancer and choreographer of Irish descent. Lived the major part of her life in Europa.||1913||Paris||Meeting took place in the artistic circles of Paris.|
|Claude Debussy||French composer (1862 – 1918)||April 1913||Paris||Claude Debussy composed some music that was probably based on Indian ragas.|
|Alexander Scriabin||Russisch composer and pianist (1872 – 1915)||1913||Russia||Meeting took place in the house of the Russian poet Iofov.|
|Mahatma Gandhi||2 October 1869 – 30 January 1948. Well known Indian politician, lawyer and advocate for peace||During London period||London||Gandhi invited Hazrat Inayat Khan to join the Indian Independence Movement, but he declined.|
|Ignacy Jan Paderewsky||18 November 1860 – 29 June 1941. Composer, pianist and diplomat. Prime minister of Poland for some years.||1923||Geneva and Morges||At the time of the meeting with Inayat Khan, Paderewsky was the Polish ambassador at the League of Nations in Geneva.|
|Maria Montessori||1870 – 1952 Italian doctor, professor in anthropology and education.||Spring 1924||Italy||Meeting took place in Rome through mediation of Munira Craig. (see Complete Works 1924 I pag. xi) Hazrat Inayat Khan was very sympathetic towards the principles of the Montessori educational system.|
|Natan Söderblom||Trönö 15 th January 1866 – Uppsala 12 th June 1931. Swedish Lutheran theologist. Archbishop of Uppsala. Nobel Peace Prize in 1930. Committed to the Ecumenical Movement.||Autumn 1924||Sweden||Hazrat Inayat Khan felt himself very drawn to the idea of Ecumenism. To Söderblom however, the idea of the unity of all religious ideals was a bridge too far.
|Henry Ford||30th July 1863 – 7th April 1947||Spring 1926||America||Both gentlemen had a high esteem for each other despite their totally different backgrounds. Ford gave Inayat Khan a car as a present.|
|Dr. Alexis Carell||1873-1944. French surgeon living in America. 1912 Nobel Prize winner for medicine||1926||America||A French doctor who lived in New York and met Hazrat Inayat Khan during a lunch when they spoke on the question: Does a human being have a soul?|
For the family tree of Maulabakhsh Khan, click here: Family tree 1
For the Family tree of Rahmat Khan and Khatidja Bibi, click here: Family tree 2
For the familytree of Hazrat Inayat Khan and Ameena Begum, click here: Family tree 3
For the family tree of Maheboob Khan and Shadbi van Goens van Beyma: click here: Family tree 4